Forty years ago this week, a Southern preacher gave the defining speech of the civil rights era. And forty years ago this week, at the same event, a Southern preacher of a different sort handed out pamphlets telling blacks to get back to Africa, perhaps hoping to provoke a race riot. Martin Luther King’s "I Have a Dream" speech is one one of the truly great speeches of the twentieth century, a masterpiece of oratory, steeped in the language of the church from which King sprang. A hundred years from now, students will still study his words in school, just as a hundred-odd years later, I know the words of the Gettysburg address. George Lincoln Rockwell, the Air Force veteran, Brown alumnus (one of his college girlfriends would later become the only white columnist for Harlem’s Amsterdam News), and American Nazi Party founder who led the march forty years ago last week, is a historical footnote. George Lincoln Rockwell gave speeches designed to stir up racial violence and carried placards that replaced King’s name with a racial slur. And yet, recalls Taylor Branch, when "George Lincoln Rockwell, the Nazi commander, showed up in Selma and accosted King during a march and said that he was going to prove that King’s philosophy was the work of the devil… King turns to Rockwell and says, ‘Well, Mr. Rockwell, I would really like to engage with you and talk about that, and we’re having a mass meeting tonight, and I will give you 15 minutes in my pulpit to discuss that, and now I would like to talk with you about it, either then or afterwards.’ And the silence after he said that — not just by Rockwell but by other people — was startling silence." King occasionally failed as a politician and as a man, but remained devoted to his philosophy of passive resistance, racial justice, and the betterment of the American soul. He remains by any measure one of the great Americans in the history of our nation. Lincoln said in Gettysburg that "[t]he world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here, but can never forget what they did here"; the miracle of the March for Jobs and Freedom is that we will remember both.