Why did capitalism in its modern form take root in Europe, particularly Western Europe, and not elsewhere in the world? Max Weber tried to explain this in his famous The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Weber was examining the sociological implications of Protestants’ — particularly Calvinists — attitude towards work and investment. Drawing a more direct correlation between doctrinal belief can be difficult. Viewing a church — particularly one with centuries of history behind it — through the reductionist lens of its effects on economic thought and development is essentially meaningless. Should Catholicism be primarily identified with Dorothy Day‘s socialism, the development of international banking under the Templars, the Church’s teaching on usury, or the invention of double-entry accounting by Brother Luca Pacioli? The New Testament’s attitude ranges from the parable of the talents to the admonition that " it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God." One can find interesting historical trends, like the prevalence of Jewish professionals throughout history, and there are any number of instances of religious movements who seem inseparable from their attitudes toward money. Saying that God wants you to be rich isn’t going to lose authors any fans, but Western religions — as opposed to Western religious figures — generally avoid a fixation on secular wealth. Strictures about tithing and the occasional more spectacular contribution to God’s works are usually as far as it goes among mainline religions. Which makes the Darqawiyya sect of Islam, run by Scottish-born Abdalqadir as-Sufi al-Murabit so interesting; one of the tenets of the faith is the importance of returning the Muslim world to the gold standard (in this case the dinar coin, as mentioned in the Koran). The sect is small, though fairly widely distributed, and where the Sufi tradition from which it arose is centuries old, the Darqawiyya goal of a coup de bank took a uniquely modern form. In order to crush the heretical banking system that al-Murabit identified as one of the great enemies of Islam and return the Muslim world to its rightful place, the sect invested in a revolutionary dot-com.